14 Jersey Victims of Noble Experiment

I’m not sure what newspaper this was from or when it was actually published, just that it was after October 1930.  I have no idea why Pop would have saved this article, but it’s in his scrapbook, so I’m including it here.  Additional information found on the individuals mentioned in this article is provided in brackets.

1931 01 - List of 14 Jersey Victims of Noble Experiment

List of Fourteen Jersey Victims of Noble Experiment

Fourteen men have been put on the spot in the gang wars between hijackers and rum-runners in Bergen and Passaic counties.  The list of the “martyrs” follows:

Jan. 22, 1927 — Marry [sic Harry] (Schwabbles) Joachim, hijacker, slain in Lincoln inn, Paterson.  Michael Spinella sought as murderer.  [Harry’s brother was also wounded in the attack.  Spinella was the proprietor of the Lincoln Inn.  This Spinella may be the future crime boss who was later deported back to Italy, but snuck back into the U.S. through Florida and continued his criminal activities. He died in 1971. You can read more about his deportation and re-entry here.  He was acquitted of the Joachim murder in February 1934.]

The Brookly Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY), 22 Jan 1927, p 22 col 6; courtesy Newspapers.com
The Brookly Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY), 22 Jan 1927, p 22 col 6; courtesy Newspapers.com

Nov. 15, 1927 — Thomas Di Floramo, hijacker, slain in a field near Totowa section of Paterson.

April 28, 1928 — Big Frank Logioco, owner of Ye Olde Time inn, Garfield, slain in pistol battle with hijackers.  [This story made news as far away as Havre, Montana and El Paso, Texas; see article below]

April 28, 1928 — Arthur (Yigi) Huff, gunman, slain in raid on Ye Olde Time inn. [Likely the “tough guy” referenced in the article below]

The Havre Daily News (Havre, Montana), 30 Apr 1928, p. 1, col. 6 (courtesy of Newspapers.com)
The Havre Daily News (Havre, Montana), 30 Apr 1928, p. 1, col. 6 (courtesy of Newspapers.com)

May 21, 1928 — Alexander (Schmutzy) Szabo, beer runner, slain by hijackers in Passaic garage.  [Szabo gave a deathbed statement identifying the four “hoodlums” who attacked him as payback for stealing their ale burner.  James (Cockeye) O’Leary, the only surviving assailant, would not be convicted until 1957.]

The Times-News (Hendersonville, NC) 21 Mar 1957 p 11 col 4, courtesy Google News
The Times-News (Hendersonville, NC) 21 Mar 1957 p 11 col 4, courtesy Google News

March 17, 1930 — Milton (Doll) Green, hijacker, slain in Paterson apartment by associates.  [Apparent suicide determined to be murder. See article below]

The New York Sun, 18 Mar 1930, p 4 col 3-4; courtesy FultonHistory.com
The New York Sun, 18 Mar 1930, p 4 col 3-4; courtesy FultonHistory.com

April 12, 1930 — Archie Senville, hijacker, slain by beer runners and body taken to Newark.  [Former pugilist (“the bearded wonder”) turned gangster gunned down while driving his car.  He survived three other attempts on his life].

The Lockport Union Sun & Journal (Lockport, NY), 11 Apr 1930, p 16 col 3
The Lockport Union Sun & Journal (Lockport, NY), 11 Apr 1930, p 16 col 3 (courtesy Newspapers.com)


The Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY), 2 Jul 1929, p 19 col 6 (courtesy Newspapers.com)

April 27, 1930 — Michael (Big Mike) Redding, beer runner, slain by hijackers.

May 30, 1930 — Anthony (Sparky) Wilda, hijacker, slain by beer men in Passaic.  Body taken to Paramus.

May 30, 1930 — William (Wild Bill) Schlessinger, same fate as Wilda.

June 1, 1930 — Frank Lovulla, beer runner, dies of wounds inflicted by hijackers.

[Wilda and Schlessinger apparently shot Lovulla and left him for dead. Lovulla’s friends then apparently tortured and killed Wilda and Schlessinger.  Lovulla was a former partner of “Big Frank” Logioco killed earlier (see above)]

The Brookly Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY), 31 May 1930 p 3 col 1, courtesy Newspapers.com
The Brookly Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY), 31 May 1930 p 3 col 1, courtesy Newspapers.com

Aug. 3, 1930 — Peter Curapolo, beer runner, slain in Garfield.  [Gunned down on his porch in front of his wife]

The Harrisburg Telegraph (Harrisburg, PA), 4 Aug 1930, p 3 col 3; courtesy Newspapers.com
The Harrisburg Telegraph (Harrisburg, PA), 4 Aug 1930, p 3 col 3; courtesy Newspapers.com

Oct. 16, 1930 — Morris (Mushy) Friedman, hijacker, slain in Paterson by beer men. [John “Johnny King” Yerzy and Morris “Fat” Berliner, went to Mushy’s home and chased him for several blocks before riddling him with bullets.  They justified it by claiming they had warned him to stop hijacking his beer trucks.  I don’t know whether Berliner was ever captured and/or convicted.]

The Harrisburg Telegraph (Harrisburg, PA), 17 Oct 1930, p 21 col 6; courtesy Newspapers.com
The Harrisburg Telegraph (Harrisburg, PA), 17 Oct 1930, p 21 col 6; courtesy Newspapers.com
The Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY), 18 Oct 1930, p 1 col 3; courtesy Newspapers.com
The Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY), 18 Oct 1930, p 1 col 3; courtesy Newspapers.com

Walter Completes Fingerprint Course

This appears to be part of a larger article, but only this portion was kept in the scrapbook. I have no idea what newspaper originally published it.  I only know that it was between June and December 1930.

1930 Walter completes fingerprint course

– Patrolman Walter Gallagher of the Ridgefield Police Department has just completed a course in finger print classification and photography at the New York Police Bureau of Criminal Identification.  The courtesy was extended by former Commissioner Grover Whalen at the request of Police Supervisor George F. Darrow.  In the near future Officer Gallagher will be presented with a gold bar for evcellency [sic] in marksmanship for a total of eighty-seven out of a possible hundred shots on June 13th.

Darrow Reports on Officers Work

Either the news was really slow in Ridgefield, New Jersey, or Supervisor Darrow had an excellent PR guy.  His full report to the Police Commission ended up in the newspaper (see images at the end of this post).  During this exact period of time 85 years ago, here is what Pop and his fellow police officers were doing:

Darrow Reports On Officers Work

1930 06 - Darrow Reports on Officers WorkThe following report was submitted to the Ridgefield Council relative to a course in police training just concluded by Patrolman Walter Gallagher, Henry Lustman and Arthur Kalbhenn of the Ridgefield Police Department, at the Police College, City of New York.  Mr. Darrow, Supervisor of Police of Ridgefield, says:

“These men were entered for a three-months’ course of training under Deputy Chief Inspector John J. O’Connell, Dean of the Police College.

Patrolman Walter Gallagher was assigned to a special course in fingerprinting and photography, and now qualifies as a finger-print expert.  This course comprises training in the various means of identification of whorls, loops, patterns and other characteristics in the lines of the fingers( necessary for the identification of the person whose print is being studied, and the classification of such prints, as males, females, color and numerical values.  This involves a course of six weeks’ training, known as the primary class.  Taken with an intensive study of the 750,000 prints on file in the New York Police Department records, it has the advantage of the study of records of many years’ accumulation.

The course in photography consists of the photographing of latent prints, impressions on various surfaces, develoument [sic] and printing of films and photographs, and methods of photography necessary for the identification of the dead.  Three weeks is devoted to this work.

The course concludes with three additional weeks practical experience with the Homicide Squad.  The value of this instruction may be measured by the fact that this knowledge is given by men of long experience in solving crimes of a serious nature.  The course embraces everything of value in the identification of suspects.

1930 06 - Darrow Reports on Officers Work p2Patrolman Henry Lustman and Arthur Kalbhenn have just finished a course in general police work, as a member of a class of two hundred and fifty recruits graduated by the New York Police Department at Madison Square Garden on June 26, 1930.

This is a three-months’ course, involving instruction in the proper conduct of the police officer, his duties under the law, and his obligations to the citizen.  The necessity for discipline, courtesy to the public, dignity, and the care of his personal appearance, is impressed upon the student, with a view to having him realize that these are the essential qualifications for a successful career in the field of police work.  This course creates an atmosphere for the new police officer, which impresses upon him the fact for all time that he is adopting a serious vocation, that police work is a business in itself and that criminology is a subject requiring years of study by the policeman who expects to attain a knowledge of the method of operation and characteristics of the profesisonal [sic] criminal, necessary for the successful prosecution and conviction of the offender and the prevention and detection of crime, and he must concentrate on this subject if he is to have any measure of success.

A digest of laws, ordinances, rules and regulations, court procedure, and the conduct of the police while testifying in court cases, is part of this course.

Daily instruction in boxing, wrestling, setting up exercises, jiu jitsu and general physical culture, together with a first aid course and instruction in United States Military tactics, is given.

This course is a great value to the inexperienced policeman just entering the profession, in that it tends to make him alert mentally, sets him up physically, and gives the poise so necessary to a policeman, if he is to command the respect of the community he is to serve.

Other members of the Department will be signed to take courses at the Police College, and those who have completed the course will be used as instructors.”

1930 06 29 - Memo to police commission about officer training p1 1930 06 29 - Memo to police commission about officer training p2
These are the pages of the original memo presented to the Commission


Walter Gallagher: Fingerprint Expert

These letters were found in Pop’s police file, not in the actual scrapbooks … but they help tell his story, so I’m including them here.  The first is asking permission to send Pop to fingerprint school in New York.


1930 03 25 - letter to send Walter to NYPD fingerprint schoolMarch 25, 1930

The Hon. Grover C. Whalen,
Police Commissioner,
City of New York.


I respectfully request that Patrolman Walter W. Gallagher, Police Dept. Ridgefield, N. J., be permitted to study your system of finger print classification and filing and photography in the New York Police Bureau,of Criminal Identification.

Ridgefield being within the Metropolitan District would profit by an expert in this line and might be of service to the New York Dept. at some time.

Respectfully submitted,



The next is approving the request:


1930 03 26 - letter accepting Walter in NYPD fingerprint schoolPOLICE DEPARTMENT
City of New York

March 26, 1930.

George F. Darrow, Esq.,
Borough of Ridgefield,
Bergen County, N. J.

Dear Sir:-

In reply to your request of the 25th inst., to have Patrolman Walter W. Gallagher of your department study our system of fingerprint classification, filing and photography, wish to advise that we are glad to be of such service to you.

If Patrolman Gallagher will call with proper credentials on Inspector Joseph Donovan, Room 218, Police Headquarters, 240 Centre Street, Manhattan, any day between 9 A.M. and 5 P.M. except Saturdays and Sundays, he will be given proper attention.  Of course, it must be understood that in taking this course, Patrolman Gallagher must comply with the rules and regulations of this department.

Yours very truly,
[John Brun] (?)
Chief Inspector.


Then contact is made with Inspector Donovan:


1930 03 28 - letter permitting Walter to attend criminal ID schoolMarch 28, 1930

Insp. Joseph Donovan,
Police Department,
New York City.

Dear Sir:-

The Chief Inspector of your Department has granted permission to the Ridgefield Department to have one of our members take the course in Criminal Identification at your school.

Ptl. Walter W. Gallagher has been designated; will you please direct him as to his duties.

Yours truly,



And finally, the memo to the Commission advising of Pop’s new role for the next three months:


1930 03 28 - memo to commission for Walter's NYPD schoolMarch 28, 1930

To Police Commissioners

From Supervisor

Subject – Criminal Identification

1 – Attached hereto is letter granting permission to a member of this Department to study criminal identification at the Detective Bureau, New York Police Department.

2 – I hereby make application for permission to assign Ptl. Walter W. Gallagher to this course for a period of ninety days.

3 – During the time of such assignment, Ptl. Gallagher to be assigned to the tour of duty at desk 5:30 P.M. to 1 A.M. continuously.

Respectfully submitted,

[Geo Darrow]


I don’t know if that meant Pop was supposed to go to fingerprint school all day, then come back and work until 1 a.m. or what … but I have a feeling he experienced some pretty long days during that three months.


Jersey Justice Redeems Reputation

This article, presumably from February 27, 1930 (paper unknown), is another in the long string of public accolades surrounding the heroic feats of my great grandfather, Walter Gallagher.

1930 02 27 - Jersey Justice Redeems Reputation

Jersey Justice Redeems Reputation

“Jersey Justice,” which in former years meant swift and exact justice to criminals, came back into its own yesterday when three gangsters from New York City were started for state prison to serve maximum terms of seven years, 24 hours after they had been arrested.

This exemplification of old-time “Jersey Justice” is a flash-back into the past that should continue as a paragon for all law-enforcement authorities throughout the state.

It was Bergen County that yesterday brought back this all but forgotten kind of justice.

Three gangsters were overhauled after a running chase from Hudson County in Ridgefield.  The Ridgefield police got the credit for the capture and obtaining confessions of enough crimes to send them to prison.  Then Prosecutor West stepped into the picture and with the aid of Common Pleas Judge Mattock swift justice was meted out.  The gangsters did not want to be taken back to New York City lest they be sent to prison for life as fourth offenders under the Baumes laws.  They were so anxious to escape trial in New York that they readily pleaded guilty to four charges.


Gangsters Get 7 Years

Clearly, this was big news in Ridgefield.

1930 02 27 - Gangsters Get 7 Years (Jersey Justice)Gangsters Get 7 Years 24 Hrs. After Arrest

Jersey Justice Moves Swiftly for Trio Caught by Ridgefield Police


Within 24 hours after they had been arrested by Policeman William Gallagher, of Ridgefield, three New York gangsters, all of whom have records of three and four convictions for robberies and assaults, yesterday were sentenced to seven years each in State Prison by Judge Frederick W. Mattocks, at Hackensack.  They will be taken to the Trenton prison this morning.

The men are: Michael Toohey, 28, of 297 East 135th street; John J. Carroll, 22, or 356 139th street, and William Steart, 21, of 427 West 135th street.

The formal charges against the men were: Transporting a stolen auto in their possession, reckless driving, and failing to stop when signalled [sic] to do so by a policeman.

The three, it is said, had plotted to take a Hoboken gangster for a ride, but when their plans were discovered made their escape in an automobile which they had stolen from 70th street and Third avenue, New York.

The men pleaded guilty to all four of the charges.  They regarded this as their safest course.  Had they fought the case it is probable that they would have been turned over to the police of New York for the theft of the car.  Under the Baumes law 1 operative in that state, they would have been sentenced to life imprisonment, if convicted, the Baumes law making such sentence mandatory upon the fourth conviction.

The trio also feared that if liberated they would be taken for rides by friends of the Hoboken gangster.  The fact remains, however, that Bergen County yesterday upheld the traditions of Jersey justice by sentencing the men within 24 hours after their arrest.

According to the report in Ridgefield last night, Patrolman Gallagher, the youngest member of the department in point of service, is to be honored by the borough council.  He has been on the force less than six months.


  1. Named after Caleb H. Baumes, chairman of the New York State Crime Commission, who proposed the reforms to the criminal code; enacted in New York on July 1, 1926, Baumes laws required mandatory life imprisonment for a fourth felony conviction. Since each of these men already had at least three felony convictions, they would have spent the rest of their lives in prison

Walter makes good!

In April 1929, Walter decided to leave the “restaurant” business.  He and his wife Ruth were living in an apartment at 1 Elizabeth Street, Ridgefield, New Jersey.

1929 - 1 Elizabeth Street Ridgefield

He completed his application to the Ridgefield Police Department, and it was received on April 17, 1929.

1929 06 12 - Police Department applicationHe was applying for the position of Patrolman.  He states that he has been living in New Jersey for 12 years, but I found him and his wife Ruth enumerated at 1600 Jackson Avenue in Jackson Heights (Queens County), New York, in the 1925 New York state census.  Not sure what’s going on there.

I got a chuckle when I reached item #9.  Apparently the only marital conditions available were “single” or “divorced.”  Clearly, the creator of this form had a very jaded view of society at that time.

On June 18, 1929, the Police Commission sent a letter to the Mayor requesting appointment of Walter to the position of Patrolman.

1929 06 18 - Request to Mayor for appointment of Walter Gallagher


And on July 10, 1929, Walter appeared for his physical examination.  At the time, he was working as a night manager at a restaurant.  The person who taught penmanship to this examiner should have their hands rapped with a yardstick.

1929 07 10 Walter Gallagher Physical Exam for police dept

I love that it gives a physical description: Height 5’8-1/4″, weight 190 lbs., chest girth 36.4″, and abdominal girth 34″.  He has one child age 4 (his adopted son – my grandfather – John Joseph Gallagher).  He looks to be in pretty decent health, with the only thing notable listed under ‘other illnesses’ is what looks like either “H of C” or “D of C” only.  I can’t really tell what letter that is supposed to be, but by comparison, I know it’s not a G.  If you know of any illness that might fit that description, please share.

It is interesting to note that (spoiler alert) Walter eventually contracted diabetes. I’m curious to know whether this ‘other illness’ is related to that in any way.


Walter and Joe at Club Madrio; New Chummy Club

This first item is a portion of an undated, unidentified article that includes a paragraph or two about Walter and his uncle Joe opening a new club.  Unfortunately, the first part of this article was removed, likely in the process of cutting out the article on the opposite page, and the last part was not preserved.  I’ll only transcribe the parts about Walter, Billy, and Joe.  

The second item is the announcement of the opening of the new club.

The third item is an undated article about the (re)opening of Billy’s Chummy Club.  I believe all of these are from the summer of 1926, based on the reference to Eddie Elkins’ show “Americana” appearing at the Belmont Theater.


-1926 Walter and Uncle Joe Club MadrioWilliam Arnold, producer for William J. Gallagher, one of the most popular restaurant men on Broadway, announced yesterday that when they Monte Carlo reopens a week from Monday that smart establishment will have another new show, including a completely new cast of principals.  There is a likelihood, too, that there will be many new faces in the chorus.  Mr. Arnold has refurbished the revue in the Chummy Club, No. 711 Seventh avenue.  It is one of the most scintillating little bits of entertainment on the “street.”

Walter and “Uncle Joe” Gallagher have been busy night and day for the last week in rehabilitating the Club Madrid, No. 131 West Fifty-second street, which they have renamed Club Madrio and which will be formally opened at half-past ten o’clock Monday night and at eleven o’clock every night thereafter.

The new proprietors are negotiating for the services of Billy Kent, the comedian of “Rose-Marie,” to double in the Madrio.  Another entertainer, who has been on a vaudeville tour for months and who is also to be featured, is Artie Leeman.  The Madrio will have six singing hostesses.

Other names appearing in this article:

Earl Lindsay
Eva Dowling
Fawn Gray
Gilda Gray
Charles Dillingham
Mignon Laird
Lucretia Craig
Virginia Franck
August Janssen
Lee Simonson
John F. Lenigan
A. W. Kramer

-1928 Walter working at Club Madrio with Joe Gallagh26



Billy Gallagher, Aided by His Son Joe and Ben Levy, Put on Good Show — Tex Guinan Back From Atlantic City, Welcomed Home


1926 00 Chummy Club Opening Becomes a Night for All Old TimersIt was a regular old home week at the formal opening of Billy Gallagher’s Chummy Club.  Many parties were made up of old-timers who were regular visitors years back when the place was known as Gallagher’s.

Billy has his son Joe and Ben Levy, former owner of the Hi-Hat Club, taking charge of affairs for him while he is running back and forth between Rockaway and New York.  Billy’s newly acquired cafe at Holland station will be ready to open July 1.

There is a corking good show down at the Chummy, headed by the Wallace Brothers, Frank and Lew, harmony songsters, and the latter acting as master of ceremonies.

The others include Flo Hauser, the tiny queen of syncopation ; Julia Morgan, a blues singer ; Rose Schall, prima donna ; Lillian Craig, a red-hot mistress of song and dance, and Irving Bloom and his radio recording orchestra.

The Chummy is opening at a rather unsettled time, with Summer here and the 3 o’clock curfew law in effect, but with business good for its first three days it looks like Billy knew what he was doing in opening now.

There were several big parties of “out-of-towners” down for the opening.  Harry Lieberman and party of nine from Philadelphia and Dave Brown and party of six from Buffalo.

Other names in this article:

Richy Craig, Jr.
Texas Guinan
Colonel Vaughn
Sophie Tucker
Eddie Elkins
Willie Collier
Connie Lutz
William Schwind


Christmas and Relief Fund Benefit

This is another undated, unidentified article from the scrapbook. I estimate it was published around December 1928.

-1928 Deauville membership donation driveMISS LILLIAN RANDALL, hostess and Walter Gallagher, son of Billy, received at Monte Carlo.  Charley Hanson, Harry Keller, George Metzger, Jimmy Miller and Charley Farrell received and assisted the Deauville membership, and at the Broadway Gardens everybody received magnificently.


WALTER GALLAGHER gave $100 at Monte Carlo.  Mr. Hanson gave the same amount at Deauville.  So did Miss Ona Munson, Keith headliner, and at the Broadway Gardens old Billy Gallagher was persuaded to sing a song for the first time in twenty years — for $331 given by the members of the yacht club who had labored long and furiously, and by the waiters, the girls in the show there, the orchestra, even the cigarette girl, Mr. Gallagher’s son and Mrs. Gallagher, who gave $100.  And Mr. Gallagher gave another $100.

And Miss Corinne Barber, attended by Mrs. A. C. Riely, both of whom had previously contributed, gave $50 more.

It was a fine, human and remarkable demonstration — one of the finest incidents in the long and happy career of the Christmas and Relief Fund — the song and the manner in which everybody responded to the suggestion that Mr. Gallagher sing.

Broadway Broadcastings: Walter Gallagher Back

Another undated, unidentified article.  This one is probably from around 1928. 


by Alex Sullivan


Everyone is glad to see Walter Gallagher, handsome son of the famous Billy, back on the job as manager of the Monte Carlo.  Walter, who was a great athlete in his day, had been on a sic-months’ trip around the country.

“There’s only one Broadway — and one New York,” says Walter.

“I’ve been in Atlantic City, Philadelphia, Boston, Chicago, Cleveland, St. Louis, Frisco, Los Angeles, Hollywood, and many other high spots in the country — and just as Americans say about the United States as a whole when they return from tours abroad I say about trips throughout our country — away from New York.  The fellow who wrote the song, ‘When you leave New York, you’re only camping out,’ sure hit the nail on the head.”

-1928 Broadway Broadcastings - after Walter's 6 month tripOTHER NAMES IN THE ARTICLE:

Dan McKetrick
Gene Sennett
Charlie Henderson
Milton Wallace
John L. Sullivan
Andrew Mack
Jim Corbett